Vitamin B12 Tablets Price in Pakistan and Benefits

Vitamin B12

Vitamin B12 Tablets in Pakistan

Vitamin B12 tablets are a common form of B12 supplement in Pakistan. They are typically taken orally and can be found in various strengths and formulations, such as chewable tablets, sublingual tablets, and capsules. They are often used to treat and prevent vitamin B12 deficiencies.

Vitamin B12 tablets in Pakistan are available in different forms, such as cyanocobalamin, hydroxocobalamin, and methylcobalamin, each with its own characteristics.

Cyanocobalamin is the most common form found in supplements, it is the cheapest and most stable form of B12, but the body must convert it to the active forms of B12, methylcobalamin, and adenosylcobalamin.

Methylcobalamin is a form of B12 that is already active and does not require conversion, it’s considered more effective for nerve-related issues.

Hydroxocobalamin is considered the best form for B12 deficiency treatment.

Vitamin B12 Tablets Price in Pakistan

The minimum price of Vitamin B12 tablets in Pakistan is Rs. 800 and the estimated average price is Rs. 2500 for 100 tablets. Nutrifactor’s Vitamin B12 tablets price in Pakistan is Rs. 850 for 60 tablets. Buy online B12 in Pakistan

Vitamin B12 Tablets Price in Pakistan

Natural Source of Vitamin B12

Vitamin B12 is found naturally in animal products, including fish, meat, poultry, eggs, and dairy products. Vegetarians and vegans may be at risk for a deficiency, as their diet may not contain enough B12. Some fortified foods and supplements are available that can provide B12 for people who do not consume enough from their diet. It’s important to have a healthy and balanced diet, and for those who might be at risk for a deficiency, it’s a good idea to speak with a doctor or a dietitian about whether a B12 supplement may be necessary.

Natural Source of Vitamin B12

Vitamin B12 Deficiency and Symptoms:

Vitamin B12 deficiency is a condition that occurs when there is not enough vitamin B12 in the body. This can happen for a number of reasons, including poor dietary intake, malabsorption issues, or certain medical conditions. A deficiency can lead to a wide range of symptoms and can have serious health consequences if left untreated.

Symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency can include:
  1. Fatigue
  2. Weakness
  3. Constipation
  4. Loss of appetite
  5. Weight loss
  6. Nerve damage (numbness, tingling, or pain in the hands and feet)
  7. Anemia (a decrease in red blood cells)
  8. Depression
  9. Confusion
  10. Dementia
  11. Balance problems

Certain groups of people may be at a higher risk of developing a vitamin B12 deficiency, including:

  • Vegetarians and vegans
  • People with pernicious anemia (an autoimmune disorder that affects the stomach’s ability to absorb vitamin B12)
  • People who have had weight-loss surgery
  • People who have had gastrointestinal surgery
  • People with certain medical conditions, such as Crohn’s disease or celiac disease
  • People who take certain medications, such as proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and metformin

Vitamin B12 Tablets Benefits

Vitamin B12 tablets are a common form of B12 supplement that can provide many benefits for overall health. Some of the main benefits of vitamin B12 tablets include:

Treating and preventing vitamin B12 deficiency: Vitamin B12 tablets can be used to treat and prevent vitamin B12 deficiency, which can cause a wide range of symptoms, including fatigue, weakness, constipation, loss of appetite, weight loss, nerve damage, and anemia.

Improving cognitive function and preventing memory loss: Vitamin B12 is important for maintaining cognitive function and preventing memory loss. It also helps to prevent depression and anxiety.

Supporting cardiovascular health: B12 may have a protective effect on the cardiovascular system by helping to lower levels of homocysteine, an amino acid that has been linked to an increased risk of heart disease.

Supporting Pregnancy and breastfeeding: Vitamin B12 is important for the healthy development of a fetus and may also be beneficial for breastfeeding mothers.

Supporting Vegetarian and Vegan diet: It is not produced by plants or animals, but only by bacteria and archaea. Vegetarians and vegans may be at risk for a deficiency, as their diet may not contain enough B12, and taking B12 supplements may be necessary for them.

Vitamin b12 Uses

Some of the main uses of vitamin B12 include:

Blood formation: Vitamin B12 is essential for the production of red blood cells, which carry oxygen throughout the body. A deficiency in B12 can lead to anemia, a condition where the body doesn’t have enough red blood cells.

Nervous system function: Vitamin B12 is important for the proper functioning of the nervous system. It helps to maintain the protective covering of nerve cells, called the myelin sheath, and is necessary for the production of neurotransmitters, which are chemicals that transmit signals in the brain and nervous system.

DNA synthesis: B12 is necessary for the metabolism of every cell in the body and plays a key role in DNA synthesis, the process by which cells create copies of their genetic material.

Brain health: Vitamin B12 is important for maintaining cognitive function and preventing memory loss. It also helps to prevent depression and anxiety.

Cardiovascular health: B12 may have a protective effect on the cardiovascular system by helping to lower levels of homocysteine, an amino acid that has been linked to an increased risk of heart disease.

Pregnancy and breast-feeding: Vitamin B12 is important for the healthy development of a fetus and may also be beneficial for breastfeeding mothers.

Vegetarian and Vegan diet: Vitamin B12 is not produced by plants or animals, but only by bacteria and archaea. Vegetarians and vegans may be at risk for a deficiency, as their diet may not contain enough B12, and taking B12 supplements may be necessary for them.

Vitamin B12 FAQs

What are the best sources of vitamin B12?

Natural sources of vitamin B12 include animal-derived foods such as fish, meat, poultry, eggs, and dairy products. Vegetarians and vegans may be at risk for a deficiency, as their diet may not contain enough B12, and fortified foods and supplements are available that can provide B12 for people who do not consume enough from their diet.

What are the symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency?

Symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency can include fatigue, weakness, constipation, loss of appetite, weight loss, nerve damage, anemia, depression, confusion, dementia, and balance problems.

Who is at risk for vitamin B12 deficiency?

Certain groups of people may be at a higher risk of developing a vitamin B12 deficiency, including vegetarians and vegans, people with pernicious anemia, people who have had weight-loss surgery, people who have had gastrointestinal surgery, people with certain medical conditions, people who take certain medications.

How is vitamin B12 deficiency treated?

A healthcare professional may order a blood test to check your vitamin B12 levels and may recommend a vitamin B12 supplement or other treatment, such as vitamin B12 injections, to treat deficiency.

How much vitamin B12 do I need per day?

The amount of vitamin B12 you need per day depends on your age and life stage. The recommended daily allowances (RDAs) for vitamin B12 are as follows:

  • Infants 0-6 months: 0.4 micrograms
  • Infants 7-12 months: 0.5 micrograms
  • Children 1-3 years: 0.9 micrograms
  • Children 4-8 years: 1.2 micrograms
  • Children 9-13 years: 1.8 micrograms
  • Adolescents 14-18 years: 2.4 micrograms
  • Adults 19 years and older: 2.4 micrograms
  • Pregnant and breastfeeding women: 2.6 micrograms and 2.8 micrograms, respectively

Can you overdose on vitamin B12?

Vitamin B12 is a water-soluble vitamin, meaning that any excess is excreted by the body, so the risk of overdose is very low.

How many months of vitamin B12 should I take?

The duration of time for which you should take vitamin B12 supplements depends on the reason why you are taking them. If you have been diagnosed with a deficiency, your healthcare provider will likely recommend that you take the supplement for several months to bring your levels back to normal. The treatment duration may vary depending on the severity of the deficiency, the underlying cause of the deficiency, and the type of B12 supplement you are taking.

For instance, if you have pernicious anemia, a type of B12 deficiency caused by an inability to absorb the vitamin, you may need to take B12 supplements for the rest of your life. Also, if you are a vegetarian or vegan, or if you are at risk for deficiency due to other factors such as age, you may need to take a B12 supplement for an extended period of time.

Which tablet is best for vitamin B12?

There are several different forms of vitamin B12 tablets available, each with its own characteristics. The most common forms of B12 found in supplements are cyanocobalamin, methylcobalamin, and hydroxocobalamin.

Cyanocobalamin is the most common form found in supplements, it is the cheapest and most stable form of B12, but the body must convert it to the active forms of B12, methylcobalamin, and adenosylcobalamin.

Methylcobalamin is a form of B12 that is already active and does not require conversion, it’s considered more effective for nerve-related issues.

Hydroxocobalamin is considered the best form for B12 deficiency treatment, it’s the form that is used for B12 injection and it’s considered more effective for people with pernicious anemia, a condition that affects the absorption of vitamin B12.

It’s important to note that these are the recommended daily amounts, individual needs may vary depending on health conditions, lifestyle, and other factors. It’s always best to consult with a healthcare professional before starting any supplement regimen, they will recommend the most appropriate dosage based on your specific needs and condition.

Age Spots and Skin Hyperpigmentation Causes, Symptoms and Treatment


Our skin color depends on our genetics and exposure to the sun’s UV rays mostly. The skin’s color comes from a pigment known as “Melanin” which is produced by specialized cells called “Melanocytes”. Melanocytes are found in the basal layer of the skin’s epidermis. Melanin is produced by a process called “Melanogenesis”. Darker-skinned individuals possess more melanin compared to lighter-skinned people. Melanin has a protective feature against the sun’s ultraviolet rays as well.

Mainly, genetics are responsible for providing your skin, hair, and eyes their color. The more melanin, the darker the color. However, skin color can be quite uneven, from person to person. Your soles and palms are lighter compared to other parts of your body. Such variation is noticed in a single part of the body as well, such as the face. Some parts of an individual’s face may be hyperpigmented while others may be lighter.

Hyperpigmentation could be due to excessive sun exposure or as a result of an underlying pigmentation disorder. Mild hyperpigmentation can be ignored and poses no trouble for people but if there are uneven hyperpigmented areas on a person’s body, especially on the face or hands, people tend to become quite conscious of themselves.

Age Spots and Skin Hyperpigmentation Causes

There are various causes of hyperpigmentation. These include:

  • Genetic Predisposition
  • Ageing / Age Spots
  • Excessive exposure to the sun’s UV rays
  • Hormonal Imbalance
  • Skin Allergies
  • Use of unsuitable and frequent beauty products/creams/ointments, etc.
  • Skin injuries
  • Lack in Vitamin B12
  • Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation
  • Use of certain drugs such as ACTH analogs, progestogens, estrogens, psoralens, busulfan, arsenic, anti-depressants, etc.
  • Underlying medical conditions – melasma, lichen planus, pellagra, Addison’s disease, etc.
  • Certain skin tumors – Acanthosis Nigricans, melanoma, etc.


The first and foremost step is to consult a dermatologist regarding any unusual patch of hyperpigmentation you may come across. The majority of the skin pigmentation you develop is harmless and goes away quite easily, either on its own or with the help of an ointment prescribed by the doctor. However, there is always a minute chance of it being something more serious. Hence, it is advised to consult a dermatologist, just to be on the safe side.

Read Also: Blackheads & Whiteheads Causes, Symptoms and Treatment with Home Remedies

Your dermatologist may give you topical creams to apply to your hyperpigmentation lesion, which may contain ingredients like retinoids, corticosteroids, Vitamin-C, Azelaic Acid, Hydroquinone, etc. If you require extensive treatments that require cosmetic procedures, you will be given options like:

  • Laser Therapy
  • Dermabrasion
  • Microdermabrasion
  • Chemical Peels
  • IPL Therapy

Some home remedies are commonly used to treat hyperpigmentation at home. These include:

Aloe Vera: Aloe Vera is a powerful herbal agent available quite easily. It contains Aloesin, which is known to lighten hyperpigmentation by inhibiting melanin production.

Green Tea Extracts: Green tea extracts have been found to be useful in lightening hyperpigmented spots due to its innumerable antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.

Licorice: Licorice extracts are also found useful for lightening dark skin spots due to a compound called Glabridin, which is also a potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agent.


Hyperpigmentation can be prevented by protecting yourself from the sun’s harmful UV rays. You can do this by investing in a strong sunblock with a good SPF. Apply it daily for maximum benefits. Another way to prevent hyperpigmentation is by avoiding picking at acne, pimples, scars or any marks on your skin as this can aggravate them and fester infection. Precious skin such as your face is more sensitive, so it is best to avoid touching it frequently.

Abdominal Bloating and Belching Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Abdominal Bloating and Belching


Each and every one of us have felt it and been through it – the feeling of fullness, increased burping, indigestion, and heartburn, coupled with severe discomfort and uneasiness. All these symptoms point towards abdominal bloating. It occurs mostly when there is an excessive accumulation of gas or fluid within the abdominal cavity.

Eating too much fast food, which does not get digested easily, can lead up to abdominal bloating and belching. It is quite a common phenomenon, occurs with every person occasionally. However, in some cases, it could be a symptom of an underlying medical condition, which may need urgent attention.

Bloated Stomach Causes:

There are multiple causes of abdominal bloating– some are natural, physical processes while others are more serious.

  • Acid Reflux (GERD) or Heartburn
  • Mental health causes – depression, anxiety and stress
  • Gas accumulation
  • Unhealthy, unbalanced diet
  • Acute or chronic constipation
  • Inadequate drinking water consumption
  • Excessive use of fizzy drinks and caffeinated beverages
  • Eating disorders like anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa
  • Hormonal changes, especially in women
  • Pre-menstrual syndrome
  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disorder – Ulcerative Colitis and Crohn’s Disease
  • Giardiasis, or any worm infestation
  • Aerophagia- a nervous habit which makes the person swallow more air than they should.
  • Lactose intolerance
  • Celiac disease – gluten sensitivity
  • Certain medications
  • Serious illnesses which cause ascites- like chronic liver disease, congestive heart failure, renal failure and pulmonary edema.
  • Diverticulosis
  • Partial bowel obstruction
  • Perforated abdomen/bowel – a medical emergency


Occasional abdominal bloating can easily be prevented and treated. However, if abdominal bloating persists, worsens or becomes chronic, it is advised to visit a doctor as soon as possible. There are certain things which can be done to manage and treat bloated stomach:

Read Also: Constipation: Causes, Medicine and Relief with Home Remedies

Change your lifestyle – improving your lifestyle and changing it from sedentary to active, can make a huge difference. Start taking a walk daily or hit the gym and slowly build up a smart exercise routine.

A balanced diet: Avoiding fast food, fatty, and spicy food, and greasy meals can help prevent bloating. Take your last meal four hours before going to bed. Incorporate more fiber as in vegetables and fruits into your diet and limit portions of carbohydrates and proteins. Avoid packaged and processed food. Also, eat at regular intervals and take small meals with adequate gaps.

Cut out sugar and fizzy drinks: By stopping the use of fizzy drinks in your diet, you will see a marked decrease in bloating in just three days to one week. Keeping your sugar intake low will also benefit you.

Gluten-free or lactose-free diet: For every person who has celiac disease or lactose intolerance, cutting out the triggering factors from their diet will immediately bring their bowels relief and prevent abdominal bloating. Nowadays, lactose-free and gluten-free foods are easily available in most places.

Drink plenty of water: Water makes up 60% of your body weight. It helps to improve digestion and prevents abdominal bloating.

Over the counter medicines: Certain over-the-counter gas relief capsules and syrups are easily available, which can provide instant relief. However, it is advised to consult a doctor first before ingesting any medicines on your own.

Rule out medical conditions: If abdominal bloating persists, do visit a doctor to get a full checkup done. It is always better to rule out any medical causes, just to be on the safe side.


Abdominal bloating is mostly a harmless symptom of overeating, being lazy and living a bad lifestyle. It is only a nuisance due to the discomfort and uneasiness it causes to people. Otherwise, it usually goes away on its own unless there is a serious, underlying medical condition.

How to Grow Longer and Thicker Hair with Natural Home Remedies


One of the very few things someone notices about you at first glance is your hair. The hair on your head is directly influenced by your genetics. However, its care and maintenance depend on you and how well you treat and look after your hair daily.

Are you desperately tired of having short, thin and unhappy hair? Nature around us is full of miraculous things which have wonderful herbal properties and can be used to nurture your hair, making it longer and thicker. Not just that, now you have a variety of options to choose from at your local stores when it comes to buying hair care products according to your hair type.

There are some excellent home remedies which can help you easily nourish and improve your hair quality on your own. Here are some of these tips and tricks.


How to Grow Longer and Thicker Hair with Natural Home Remedies

Eggs are a wonderful source of protein for your hair. They are easily available and can be used frequently for strengthening and thickening your hair. You can take two eggs, beat them up and apply to your hair for about 30 minutes, followed by a thorough wash with your shampoo and conditioner.


You can mix two tablespoons of mayonnaise in two beaten eggs and apply the mixture onto your scalp. Mayonnaise has amazing moisturizing properties. It can also be used alone but will be more beneficial if you mix it with eggs.


Coconut oil is known for its numerous uses and one of them includes hair nourishment. It is a fast way to grow hair longer and make them thicker. Coconut oil works wonders if it is slightly heated before application onto the scalp. The longer you apply the oil, the better for your hair. After two hours of massaging the oil on your scalp, you can wash it off with your shampoo and conditioner, leaving your hair feeling fresh and denser.


Castor Oil is abundant in Vitamin E and omega-3 fatty acids which boost hair growth by improving the blood circulation of hair follicles. It also controls hair breakage and provides excellent moisture. Apply to your scalp for 30 minutes before washing your hair with shampoo and conditioner. For best results, use twice a week.


Aloe Vera gel is such a magical, naturally-available product which has innumerable beneficial uses. It can be applied on your hair directly from the fresh leaf and left on for about 30 mins before you wash off your hair. It leaves your hair replenished and beautiful, giving them a brand-new feel.


Now, this may seem a bit gross, but it works wonders for your hair, especially if you are experiencing an excessive amount of hair fall. The trick is to blend a peeled onion, put it in a cheesecloth and squeeze out the juice. Since, it has a pungent smell that you would not want on yourself post-shower, mixing a few drops of your favorite essential oil (like lavender oil), will make it more bearable.

You should add some coconut or olive oil for a more nourishing mixture. Leave it on for an hour or so and wash thoroughly with shampoo and conditioner. This mixture will cease any hair fall and boost hair growth considerably.

Hair care is highly important if you do not want to go bald at an early age in life. Shampooing your hair frequently can cause plenty of damage, especially if your shampoo contains sulfate. Try to buy shampoos which do not have sulfates in them. If you want your hair to grow thicker and longer quite fast, then taking out the time to oil them or apply hair masks every once in a while, will bring about good results. Its all about paying a little more attention to your hair.

Top 6 Natural Home Remedies to Lose Weight Fast and Effectively


When you are surrounded by scrumptious fast food and funky desserts and fizzy drinks, food becomes life. What you do not realise how much you are harming your body by feeding it processed, fatty trash foods. You start to put on a few inches here and there, but you will ignore because you are under temptation.

Once this gets out of control, you would have probably gained 30 pounds and developed innumerable health problems. If you want to prolong your life, make it healthier, you need to take control of your food intake and exercise now.

Everything starts at home, including the first bit of change.

Here are eight mind-blowing home remedies which will leave you feeling less bloated, more energetic and get those extra pounds off quickly.


Green tea has Catechins which have anti-oxidant properties and helps lower the absorption of fat from the gut. It also contains a compound called Theanine, which elevated your mood and relaxed your mind. Green tea is excellent for improved digestion and should be incorporated in your daily routine. Drink 3-4 cups of green tea a day, without sugar for best detox results. Squeeze a lemon slice for additional benefits of fat-cutting.


Instead of using canola oil or butter for cooking, switch to healthier alternatives such as olive oil. Oleic Acid in olive oil makes you feel full more quickly and prevents over-eating. It also contains omega-3 fatty acids which are excellent in getting rid of high-density lipids (HDL) which is a harmful form of cholesterol for your body.


Lemon Juice is a potent natural ingredient which contains many vitamins and minerals. It aids in improving digestion and enhances detoxification. It is considered a major fat-burner, especially the rigid abdominal fat. Consuming a mixture of freshly squeezed lemon juice and honey in luke-warm water on an empty stomach in the morning will kick-start your metabolism for the day and aid in faster weight loss.


Apple cider vinegar is a classic weight loss agent, along with its numerous known benefits for shinier hair and smoother skin. It can be ingested in its raw form. Two tablespoons of Apple cider vinegar in a glass of warm water daily can do wonders for your body by preventing cholesterol deposition.

Read Also: How to Lose Weight Fast and Safely with 5 Easy and Practical Steps!


Everyone takes their vegetables for granted, but what they do not realise is how nature has made vegetables low-calorie bulk providing foods. They can be consumed raw, or grilled, baked, sautéed and roasted. They can be mixed with proteins or eaten as day-time snacks. There are a million ways to play with your favourite vegetables to make happy, hearty meals which will be low in calories.


The importance of drinking enough water every day is seldom stressed upon. Water is a natural detoxifier and is needed by all of your body’s cells to function. 70% of your body is composed of water and by not drinking adequate water daily, you are hindering the body’s normal processes which will lead to increased obesity and a diverse range of health problems. Drink 2-3 litres of water a day and make sure to carry your water with you to work or anywhere else you go.

Diet and exercise have their significant roles in losing weight, and if those two are coupled with home remedies and healthy habits, there will be remarkable changes in your weight. You will personally feel more fresh, radiant, lighter, happier and even energetic. Obesity is a big factor in decreasing your life span and leading to other irreversible diseases. Just by keeping yourself fit and well-maintained, you can combat and avoid all the morbid disease more easily.

Best Skin Whitening Treatment at Home – Get Rid of Wrinkles and Dark Spots

Skin Whitening Treatment

Every person is born with their genetic makeup of features and that includes his or her skin color too. According to old myths and societal pressures due to discrimination, the ideal human being should have fair skin. This is absurd on a hundred levels because every person is not born fair, but instead, they could be of any skin color, from tan to brown and even black.

Thankfully to evolving common sense and humanity, people have stopped cultivating the “fair is pretty” agenda and have started accepting that all skin colors are beautiful. In earlier days, “bleaching” was the gold standard skin whitening treatment, which was the most harmful product one could apply to their delicate skins.

Nowadays, the common notion is, that skin whitening is not the solution, but skin lightening is. People may have hyperpigmentation or dark spots or even melasma. They even have the uneven facial skin tone, and these are the features which should be focused upon and corrected by skin lightening. Some methods of skin lightening include:

Skin Whitening Serums:

Such serums are formulated with herbal extracts and multiple other beneficial ingredients, which combined, help with brightening the skin, removing dullness or dark spots while making the skin tone more even. They can be easily added in your daily skin care routine as they have excellent long-term effects.


Dermabrasion is an advanced technique of removing multiple outer skin layers using a rotating instrument, which is performed by a licensed cosmologist or dermatologist. It removes the dead skin along with a few more layers to give way to the regeneration of new skin. This method is used to get rid of acne scars, dark spots, aging wrinkles, etc. The result is that of smoother and clearer skin.


This procedure is similar to dermabrasion but less extensive as only the damaged and dead skin cells are removed rather than multiple layers of the skin. It helps in getting rid of those rigid dark spots, leaving a more even skin tone.


Retinol or Vitamin A is highly beneficial for skin treatments. Its main purpose is of skin regeneration and rejuvenation. It works by stimulating regenerative cells to produce new, undamaged skin cells. It also stimulates collage synthesis which helps improve skin elasticity and prevents wrinkles.

Vitamin – C:

Vitamin C is another such vitamin which helps in clearing up the skin. Its also known as ascorbic acid and it is a superior alternative to highly damaging bleaching agents. Using vitamin C, either in the form of tablets or as ointments will leave your skin feeling more elastic and firmer, all the while giving a bright and radiant look.

Your skin is the first thing anybody will notice about you and the better you take care of it, the more you will improve its longevity. Love the skin color you were born in and do not turn to fads for skin whitening because being white or fair to just be pretty is a huge misconception. What you really need to work on is your skin texture and feel, and by maintaining healthy skin, you will be more radiant and beautiful than ever.

Blackheads & Whiteheads Causes, Symptoms and Treatment with Home Remedies


Blackheads and whiteheads are naturally occurring phenomena of the skin. They are collectively known as “Comedones” which means a clogged pore or hair follicle on the skin. Comedones are classified into two types- Blackheads, which are open or Whiteheads which are covered by skin. The color black refers to the clogged material oxidizing.


Normally, the skin is composed of sebaceous glands which secrete sebum. Sebum, along with bacteria, dead cells, dirt, etc., can clog the skin’s pores very easily. The buildup over time leads to the formation of blackheads and whiteheads. Every person develops them, and they are nothing to be ashamed of. As a matter of fact, they can be easily extracted or cleaned out, leaving your skin feeling fresh and new. The most commonly affected areas include the nose, the T-zone of the face, neck, back and even shoulders.

A complication of comedones is seen quite often, called Pimples or Acne, which occurs mostly with adolescents and adults, especially women. This is due to an infection or inflammation of the comedones, leading to the formation of pus, which worsens the clogged pores. These pus-filled inflammatory bumps are known as pimples, or in more severe and extensive cases, Acne.

Natural Home Remedy to Get Rid of Blackheads & Whiteheads

Blackheads & Whiteheads Treatment:

To clean and unclog pores, there are some wonderful home remedies, which will leave you feeling beautiful. These include:

Lemon and Honey Scrub: Making this is super easy. Take a lemon, slice it into two halves. Add a teaspoon of honey to the cut-open side of one lemon half, add 2 to 3 pinches of sugar and your magical scrub is ready. Rub this gently all over your comedones and other dull spots and you will notice a considerable difference right after the first try. You can do this as often as up to twice a week.

Clay Mask: All you need is bentonite clay and water. Mix the two up in approximate proportions to make a thick, creamy paste. Apply it all over your face for 20 minutes. This was clean out your pores thoroughly. Rinse it with water, pat dry and moisturize as per your skin type. This mask can be used around once or twice a week for best results.

Activated Charcoal Mask: This is one of the most effective remedies. Take two capsules of activated charcoal, take out the powder in a bowl. Add half a tablespoon of bentonite clay and enough water to make a creamy paste of medium consistency. Apply it on your face and clean it off after it dries and stiffens on your face. Use once to twice a week.

See Also: Age Spots and Skin Hyperpigmentation Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Egg Mask: Take 2 eggs and separate the yolks from the whites. Take the egg whites and apply it to affected areas. Take a piece of toilet tissue and separate its two leaves. Apply one on top of the egged skin. Apply another layer of egg white, followed by tissue paper. Layer it 4 to 5 times. Let the tissues dry and slowly pull it off your skin. You will visibly see your blackheads come out of the tissue mask.

Aspirin Mask: Aspirin (Salicylic Acid) has impressive anti-inflammatory properties and an aspirin mask reduces the inflammation around blackheads. It also removes the dead cells and blackheads. Two to three aspirin tablets should be dissolved in lukewarm water, followed by a few drops of an essential oil or lemon juice, depending on your skin type. Apply this mask for a few minutes before rinsing it off.

Final Thoughts:

Skin care and diet are crucial factors in controlling acne and preventing the formation of comedones. Make sure to regularly wash your face, cleanse and exfoliate as well. Never miss out on the moisturizer. Eat a healthy, balanced diet with less oily and fatty foods. Drink plenty of water to keep your skin well hydrated. If you take ample care of yourself, you will be successful in preventing pimples, acne or even comedones from forming.

Skin Care Routine: Best Tips to Have Clear and Flawless Skin

Skin Care Routine

Our skin is the largest organ of the human body which acts as a protective shield between our inner organs and the outside, exposed world. Genetics may be partly responsible for your skin’s type and condition, but you are the main caretaker of your skin.

It is extremely vital to treat your skin well, keep it well nourished and moisturized, and improve its freshness and longevity. An ideal way to do so is by following a dedicated skin care routine. Every skin care routine should consist of the following few essentials:

Everybody wants beautiful, soft and whitening skin. So if you also want this, you have to adopt this daily skincare routine.


Every skin care routine should include facial cleanser. The purpose of a cleanser is to remove any impurities, dirt, dead skin cells, leftover makeup residue, and even germs. Using a cleanser makes your skin more breathable and fresh-looking. Usually, cleansers are used once or twice a day, depending on your personal preference.


Daily weather changes, the harsh water on your skin during a shower, and even the genetics can somewhat leave you with dull looking or dehydrated and dry skin. It is ideal to keep your skin adequately moisturized during the day.

This helps keep the hydration in and boosts the overall look and feel of your skin. People have three types of skin – oily, dry or combination. It is extremely important to find a moisturizer which best suits your skin type or else you may end up with unwanted breakouts.


The process of exfoliating your skin is another beneficial and impressive way to take care of your skin. An exfoliant is stronger than a cleanser and deeply penetrates and cleans your pores and skin cells.

It gets rid of excess oiliness and dirt buildup on your skin. It evens your skin tone, all the while making it smoother and softer. As exfoliants can be harsh on your skin, these are best used once a week for good results.


The skin under your eyes is the most delicate compared to elsewhere. This causes its early thinning and wrinkling, leading to early aging. After a certain age, like 26 or so, one should start taking care of their under-eye regions.

Investing in a suitable and high-quality eye cream is crucial. Not only will it help you prevent the effects of early aging, but also boost your skin by removing the dullness and brightening the areas. It even decreases and under-eye sagging or puffiness.


Sunscreens are one of the most underrated skin care products as people do not realize how damaging and harmful Ultraviolet rays from the Sun can be. According to multiple studies, daily sun exposure can destroy the skin’s collagen, leading to decreased elasticity of the skin. This, in turn, causes wrinkles and ageing. Using a sunscreen daily can prevent such deteriorating effects from occurring prematurely.

Final Thoughts:

All of these are the essentials which should be included in every person’s skincare routine. There are other products, such as serums, oils, facial masks, etc. However, every person has a variable skin type, which even changes with the weather.

Finding the most appropriate and affordable skin care products for yourself might be a little difficult at first, but will pay off once you have beautiful, timeless skin as you age gracefully without serious signs of aging. Hence, always invest in high-end skin care, because taking care of your skin is going to be beneficial in the long run.

White Discharge: Leukorrhea Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

White Discharge

Leukorrhea refers to an excessive amount of thick or thin, milky, vaginal discharge, which could either be white, yellow or green in color depending on its cause. It may be associated with an unpleasant odor at times. It could be due to several reasons, mainly because of estrogen imbalance or any infection of the reproductive tract.

The discharge could have a source of origin from any part of the reproductive tract, such as the fallopian tubes, cervix, ovaries and even the vagina. It can occur as a natural phenomenon too, in physiological conditions like pregnancy. It could be practically harmless, or maybe the sign of a more serious etiology. Understanding your body is crucial in this case.

Causes of White Discharge

Physiological: When the chemical balance of the vagina is altered, such as due to hormonal imbalance, especially estrogen, leukorrhea can occur. It commonly occurs before you are about to get your period, or for a few days before menarche occurs.

Pregnancy: Due to increased estrogen in the body, there is an increase in the flow of blood to the reproductive tract. This can cause leukorrhea, which is highly common in pregnancy.

Sexually Transmitted Disease (STDs): Leukorrhea occurs quite frequently if a person has an STD. The discharge may be thicker, dirtier in color, either yellow or green depending on the causative organism, and may be associated with a foul odor and itching in the perineal region.

Vaginitis: Vaginitis is the inflammation of the vaginal mucosa. It could be due to the protozoan Trichomonas vaginalis or due to the fungus called Candida Albicans. This discharge is quite irritating and causes severe itching. This needs prompt medical attention before any complications develop.

Read Also: Irregular Periods: Possible Causes of a Missed Period and Treatment

Improper Vaginal Hygiene: Not cleaning your perineal area thoroughly could lead to irritation of the vaginal mucosa. Douching quite frequently can also upset the vagina’s normal bacterial flora.

Symptoms of leukorrhea include:

  • Vaginal discharge – either white, yellow or green
  • Unpleasant vaginal odor
  • Backache
  • Lethargy
  • Burning micturition
  • Weakness
  • Vertigo
  • Painful intercourse
  • Rashes or sore spots in the perineal region
  • Constipation
  • Abdominal cramps

Treatment of Viginal Dishcharge:

Leukorrhea can easily be managed or treated depending on the cause. The most important thing to take care of, personally, is your vaginal hygiene. Make sure to wash thoroughly after passing stool or urine. Douching should be avoided at all costs. If you must use public restrooms, make sure you rinse the toilet seat with water and apply toilet covers for your protection. Changing your lifestyle, eating a well-balanced diet and exercising frequently are always beneficial factors.

If your discharge bothers you a lot, or you develop a foul-smelling, frothy, colored discharge, make sure to visit your doctor. These are signs of an underlying infection, which should not be left untreated at any cost. STDs and UTIs (urinary tract infections) are quite common nowadays, but the good news is that they are easily treatable through a short antibiotic course.

During intercourse, using barrier contraceptive methods can give you and your partner an extra bit of protection. In the case of physiological leukorrhea, panty liners could be used which are easily available at any drugstore or pharmacy. These can be conveniently carried around in your bag and are quite simple to use.

Final Thoughts:

Leukorrhea is very common and every woman experiences it at multiple occasions in her life. It is not something to be embarrassed by, as it is a natural defense mechanism of your body is trying to get rid of any offending agent. To be on the safer side, consulting your doctor and getting regular checkups is ideal.

Easy Tips to Prevent or Get Rid of Age Spots and Wrinkles


As you age, your body undergoes multiple natural processes which cause changes in every part. Similarly, over the progression of years, your skin tends to age as well and is subject to change as well. The most common problems which arise are the development of fine lines or wrinkles, and age spots or solar lentigines. Both are affected and enhanced by environmental exposure and can occur early if not prevented on time.

Wrinkles occur due to loosening of the skin’s elastic fibers or collagen fibers. This happens due to the repeated tugging of the skin, damaged by excessive sun exposure, smoking, dehydration, excessive alcohol use, and many other causes. The skin’s elasticity decreases, making it stiffer and weaker. UV light breaks down the collagen in the skin, which can easily be prevented by taking adequate care.

Age spots are mostly darkly pigmented, flat marks on the skin and occur mostly on exposed skin surfaces, such as the face, neck, arms, back of hands, legs, feet, etc. They form due to excessive exposure to UV rays which accelerates the production of melanin by overactive melanocytes. Other factors include the use of tanning beds and lamps. These could also be prevented easily.


Both wrinkling and development of age spots can be delayed or prevented by regularly taking care of your skin. A few ways to do so include:

  • A healthy, balanced diet composed of colorful fruits and vegetables, which provide abundant vitamins and minerals required to strengthen and repair skin.
  • Quit smoking as it speeds up the process of aging.
  • Limit the use of alcohol in your diet.
  • Drink fresh fruit and vegetable juices to replenish your body.
  • Drink adequate water every day to keep your normal bodily processes functioning smoothly.
  • Use a 30+ SPF sunscreen daily and re-apply every few hours in case sun exposure is prolonged.
  • Cover up using proper clothing to prevent sun exposure.
  • Use high-quality skin care products such as anti-aging skin creams, serums to prevent early aging effects.
  • Get adequate beauty sleep daily.


If you have already developed wrinkles, there are ways to reduce them and prevent further wrinkling:

  • Use of broad-spectrum sunscreen regularly with a preferable SPF of 30 or more
  • Use of anti-aging skin products now easily available everywhere according to your skin type; it includes a daily day moisturizer, eye cream, facial serums, masks to tighten skin, cleansers, facial oils and night cream.
  • Use of prescribed Vitamin A retinoids – helps in the regeneration of the skin’s fibers.
  • Oral anti-oxidants and supplements which will nourish the skin
  • Microdermabrasion or Dermabrasion to promote new growth of skin cells
  • Chemical peels
  • Laser Therapy
  • Botox treatment injections every three months or so

To treat age spots, there are multiple ways available:

  • Use of broad-spectrum sunscreen regularly with a preferable SPF of 30 or more
  • Use of retinoid creams like Tretinoin. Visit your doctor before starting such strong medications
  • Prescription bleaching creams such as Hydroquinone
  • Laser and Intense Pulsed Light Therapy (IPL)
  • Freezing or cryotherapy using liquid nitrogen
  • Dermabrasion and Microdermabrasion
  • Chemical peels


As aging is a natural process, you can not stop it. What you really can do is prevent it from occurring. If you are in your early adult years, you should start to take care of your skin from right now onwards. If you already have developed wrinkles and age spots, it is best first to treat them followed by thorough care of your skin from this point onwards to prevent them from reoccurring. With the progress of science, more and more anti-aging tools are now available for relevant age groups. Prevention is no doubt, the best cure.

Premature Graying of Hair Causes, Symptoms and Treatment Options


Grey hair could be a fashion choice, or an unwanted problem, depending on individualistic perceptions. Some people like to bleach their hair and get rid of their natural hair color to get white or grey hair in order to follow fashion trends, while others are naturally forced to be victims of premature hair greying. There are many causes of premature greying of hair. These causes include:

Vitamin Deficiencies: Deficiencies of vitamins such as vitamin B12, vitamin D, and vitamin B6 can lead to premature hair greying.

Smoking: Tobacco smoke is directly linked to hair greying in the younger generation. The chemicals generated via smoking are toxic to hair follicles, causing their weakening as well.

Genetics: Some people have very strong genetics for early hair greying, which is basically inevitable.

Oxidative Stress: Free radicals produced in the body due to oxidative stress can lead to damage to cells, like hair follicles. This could make hair prematurely grey or white.

Read Also: How to Grow Longer and Thicker Hair with Natural Home Remedies

Sinusitis: Infection or inflammation of the sinuses, leading to chronic sinusitis, also has an effect of hair greying.

Certain medical conditions: Many autoimmune medical conditions such as thyroid problem, can lead to hair greying too.

Excessive chemical use: The use of excessive chemicals on your hair can cause severe damage to your hair, making it brittle and white. These chemicals include hair dyes, bleach, hair products, etc.

How to Get Rid of Grey Hair Naturally?

There are many ways to prevent or treat premature hair greying, especially by changing your lifestyle. These include actions like eating more antioxidant foods such as fresh fruits and vegetables, fish, herbal products, vitamin supplements, etc. These tend to reduce the oxidative stress on your body. The vitamin supplements will cover any vitamin deficiencies your body may have.

Another huge beneficial change would be to quit smoking. Either by joining support groups, finding alternatives or getting professional medical help, quitting smoking can seriously help abundantly with improving your health and preventing such irreversible bad effects like greying hair prematurely.

Instead of using damaging, chemical-laden hair products, it is better to avoid such harmful agents on your natural hair. Avoid bleach and chemical sprays which are made for your hair because they contain unhealthy ingredients. Natural oils and color extracts could be used instead for better, healthier, stronger and more beautiful hair.

If you have any medical conditions, like chronic sinusitis or thyroid problems, addressing these conditions would be a wise decision. Go to your general physician and get the appropriate medical treatment required to control or cure your disease or condition.

In case the damage is done and you have stuck with a head full or white or grey hair, which do not look good and make you terribly unhappy, you could always resort to regularly dyeing your hair and your roots in order to have a single, even color of hair on your head. It does seem like a lot of work, but it isn’t because it hardly takes twenty minutes and once you remove the hair dye, your hair will be an even layer of color, according to the hair dye you chose.

Constipation Causes, Immediate Relief with Home Remedies


Constipation Causes, Immediate Relief with Home Remedies

Constipation refers to the digestive state of inefficiently passing stools due to hardened feces. It is usually when three or less than three stools are passed during a week. Normally, every person’s digestive system varies, and the basal metabolic rate is different as well.

Some individuals’ digestive tracts work faster while others have slower digestion rates. Constipation is not serious if it occurs occasionally, but if any person has recurrent or chronic constipation, it might lead to unwanted complications or may even be a sign of an underlying disease.

Constipation Causes:

There are multiple causes of constipation.

Unbalanced Diet:

The most common cause of constipation is an unbalanced diet, especially one which is made upon low fiber content. Fiber is naturally found in all kinds of fruits and vegetables and in other sources like cereals and bread. Eating too much dairy is also linked to causing constipation.

Read Also: Abdominal Bloating and Belching Causes, Symptoms and Treatment
Low Water intake:

Due to low water content in your diet, the stool hardens up, making it difficult to evacuate the bowels. Water makes up around 70% of your body weight and is necessary for all vital metabolic functions. An adult should consume around 2-3 Liters of water per day, at least.

Lack of exercise or physical activity:

An inactive lifestyle, where there is more of sitting and lying down and less of walking or working out, constipation is bound to develop. Ac active lifestyle keeps all the body’s systems actively running and promotes healthy digestion.

Resisting the Urge to Pass Stool:

Sometimes, you are unable to find the time or a decent place to pass stool. For this reason, people tend to resist their urge to pass stool and this increases stool buildup and increased water absorption from the feces, making it harder. The harder the stool, the more difficult it becomes to pass.

Depression or Anxiety:

Any person with mental illnesses like depression or anxiety problems tends to have constipation more frequently. The mind’s health state has a very important impact on the body’s systems.

Side Effects of Medications:

Some people might be prescribed medicines like anti-depressants or narcotics, or even iron and calcium supplements. These have side effects like constipation.

Underlying Medical conditions:

Constipation is also a sign of underlying medical diseases. These diseases or conditions include stroke, diabetes, irritable bowel syndrome, diverticulosis, hypothyroidism, Parkinson’s disease, colon cancer, multiple sclerosis, etc.

Constipation Treatment:

Acute constipation can be treated by several home remedies and by making certain changes in your diet and lifestyle.

  • Increase your daily water intake.
  • Eat high-fiber foods such as fruits, vegetables, cereals.
  • Incorporate caffeine into your diet – tea or coffee.
  • Workout, walk or exercise more during the day. Change your sedentary lifestyle into an active one.
  • Limit the consumption of dairy products in your diet.
  • Do not ignore your bowel urgencies.
  • Over the counter, laxatives can be taken. Specific syrups and tablets are prescribed for constipation too. It’s best to visit a doctor before starting any medicine on your own.
  • Ginger juice and Ispaghol Husk are commonly used home remedies for constipation.


If your constipation gets relieved easily, changes in diet and lifestyle can help you avoid the condition in the future. However, if your constipation is chronic and occurs a lot more frequently, set an appointment and visit the doctor, as it may be a serious problem.

What is Cancer? Types, Stages, Early Warning Signs & Symptoms and Treatment


What is Cancer?

The term “Cancer” is a broad term, which refers to abnormal cell growth in the human body. The human body is composed of millions of cells, each one specialized to perform a specific function. These cells have a lifespan where each survives and functions for a certain time period, after which it is destroyed by the natural processes of the body.

When, cell growth deviates from the norm and there is abnormal cell growth, where the cells might not have properly formed, they defy the normal bodily systems and grow uncontrollably in any part of the body. This cluster of abnormal cells is known as “Cancer.”

There can be two basic types of growth- benign or non-cancerous tumors, which are mostly slow-growing, well circumscribed and produce mass effects. The other, more ferocious type is the cancerous, malignant type, which often spreads throughout the body through a process known as “Metastasis,” where cancer cells spread from one part of the body to different, distant parts via the blood stream or the lymphatic system.

There are more than 200 types of cancer which can occur in the human body. They could involve the head including the brain, bones, spine, heart, lungs, kidneys, the gastrointestinal tract, liver, the reproductive system, blood, breast cancer etc. Hence, cancer can occur in any part of the human body.


Each type of cancer has specific risk factors, which improve its chances of occurring. However, there are some generalized risk factors, which apply to all types of cancers. These include:

  • Smoking and Tobacco Use
  • Occupational exposure to chemicals
  • UV / Radiation Exposure
  • Strong family history
  • Diet and Obesity
  • Sedentary Lifestyle
  • Aging
  • Certain viruses like HIV, HPV
  • Exposure to carcinogens
  • Excessive Alcohol intake
  • Certain medical diseases


There are certain signs and symptoms common to majority of the cancers. These include:

  • Unexplained Weight loss – despite adequate nutrient consumption
  • Pallor – due to anemia/ blood loss
  • Fatigue, lethargy, malaise
  • Changes in mood and behavior
  • Loss of appetite
  • Unexplained fever
  • Excessive Hair Loss
  • A lump or swelling in a specific body part
  • Coughing, wheeze, shortness of breath, blood in sputum – in cases of lung cancers
  • Seizures, headaches, dizziness, blurring of vision – in cases of head/ brain cancers
  • Severe pain in any part of the body
  • Change in bowel habits
  • Per rectal or per vaginal bleeding in cases of colorectal or reproductive system cancers, respectively.

WHAT TO DO, Cancer Treatment?

If you or anybody you know is suffering from such alarming or unexplained symptoms of cancer, do not hesitate to set an appointment with your local general practitioner. Most of the times, it is a benign condition, which is easily manageable. However, signs such as severe weight loss, lumps, seizures, bleeding, etc., should not be ignored or taken lightly.

Approaching the right medical team in time is going to be ideal in terms of cancer diagnosis, management, and treatment. The doctor will conduct detailed tests and investigations, after which the appropriate medical or surgical treatment options will be offered, depending on the type, classification and stages of cancer. The earlier the treatment is sought, the better are the chances of controlling or curing the disease.

Hair Loss Causes in Men and Women, Diagnosis and Treatment


Every person goes through the process of hair loss or shedding of hair. Scalp hair is prone to seasonal change, stress, external and internal factors, which can cause mild to severe hair fall in men and women. Hair fall is fine, as a person loses around fifty to a hundred strands of hair per day. This is considered normal. If more than 150 strands are lost per day, that may be a serious problem. Complete loss of hair, either in patches or full scalp baldness, is known as “Alopecia.”


Stress: This is one of the most common causes of hair fall. Excessive stress can lead to severe hair loss and for as long as the stressor persists, this may become an irreversible problem

Nutritional Deficiency: Deficiency of Vitamin-D can lead to hair loss. If an individual does not have a balanced diet along with adequate UV ray exposure, he or she may be suffering from Vitamin D deficiency.

Autoimmune Disorder: Alopecia Areata is the medical term used for autoimmune hair loss. This occurs when auto-antibodies attack the hair follicles in the scalp, causing patchy or complete baldness.

Hormonal Imbalance: Testosterone and Estrogen are directly related to hair loss, where an increase in testosterone can cause hair fall while a decrease in estrogen causes hair fall in women. Physical states like pregnancy and menopause have decreased Estrogen levels, causing aggravated hair fall in females.

Read Also: How to Grow Longer and Thicker Hair with Natural Home Remedies

Hereditary Hair Loss: Some families tend to carry and pass on the genetic composition which accounts for hair loss, especially baldness in males.

Drugs: Drugs such as anti-epileptics, anti-hypertensives, and anti-depressants can cause hair loss. These include Valproic Acid, Phenytoin, Carbamazepine, Lithium, Retinoids, Beta-blockers, etc. Chemotherapeutic drugs can also lead to hair loss.

Infections: Untreated scalp infections can lead to permanent hair loss. These include folliculitis, ringworm, psoriasis, and mostly fungal infections.


Hair Loss is a serious condition and unless bald is the look you are excited about, it is ideal to make an appointment with a dermatologist as soon as possible. After taking a detailed history and performing a general physical examination on you, your dermatologist can easily diagnose your condition causing such excessive hair fall or hair loss. Your doctor will be able to best guide you regarding what you require to stop hair fall.


  • Remove all possible stressors or stimuli causing trouble in your life.
  • Get the proper antibiotic care and treatment for any sort of infections.
  • Get adequate UV exposure to ensure you do not suffer from Vitamin D deficiency.
  • Eat a balanced diet and do exercise regularly.
  • Oil your hair regularly, to stimulate blood flow to the hair follicles.
  • Visit your dermatologist to find out the cause of your hair loss and start its treatment immediately.

If hair fall and hair loss are not identified, checked and treated in time, there can be irreversible damage to the hair follicles, leaving the individual with permanent baldness. It is recommended to always be on the lookout for hair loss more than usual and if you feel it is getting out of control, ideally you should pay a visit to the dermatologist as soon as possible.

Alopecia Hair Loss Causes, Symptoms and Treatment with Home Remedies

Alopecia Hair Loss Causes, Symptoms and Treatment with Home Remedies

Alopecia is an autoimmune disorder in which there is hair loss that could occur anywhere in the body. It occurs when the body’s immune system attacks its own hair follicles, causes excessive hair loss and suppresses hair growth. It occurs in people aged less than 30 mostly and is not contagious at all. It is usually of three main types:

ALOPECIA AREATA: In this type, hair loss occurs in the form of patches. It is also known as spot baldness.

ALOPECIA TOTALIS: This type includes loss of hair all over the scalp. It is more commonly seen in men.

ALOPECIA UNIVERSALIS: This type causes loss of hair from all over the body.

Sometimes, the hair grows back normally over time but in some cases, the growth may occur after years or not occur at all. The patches can start as 1 or 2 coin-sized patches which are usually smooth and round. More patches may develop, or the problem may stop itself and no more patches appear. Psychological stress or any prior major illness (physical stress to the body) may also lead the immune system to attack the hair follicles and cause alopecia.

Read Also: Hair Loss Causes in Men and Women, Diagnosis and Treatment

Some people may have a genetic predisposition to alopecia and may be born with this condition. Another major reason for alopecia may be due to exposure to chemotherapy in cancer patients. Some conditions related to alopecia include thyroid disease, hay fever, atopic dermatitis and even mental illnesses like depression and anxiety.


If you notice excessive hair loss and wake up to a large number of hair strands on your pillow or sheets, you should consult a doctor. As alopecia is a skin disorder, the best specialist who can treat it is a dermatologist. Ideally, a dermatologist can tell by a simple look if it is in fact alopecia. However, Trichoscopy is used to confirm the diagnosis.


The patches of hair loss may regrow spontaneously or not at all. However, there have been great advancements in medicine and the condition can be treated easily. The following treatment options are now readily available everywhere.


Corticosteroids are injected into the alopecic patch using a small needle and are repeated monthly or after every 6 weeks. These injections are given by a dermatologist only. A common side effect includes the formation of “dells” which are small depressions in the skin, but they usually heal over time.


A 5% Minoxidil solution can be applied to the scalp daily once or twice, which stimulates hair growth. Alone, the solution may not be effective but if used in conjunction with topical corticosteroids, it shows better and faster results.


Corticosteroid helps in reducing the inflammation around the hair follicles and prevent further hair loss. They are available in different forms such as ointments, creams, lotions and come in variable strengths. The use of corticosteroids is highly effective in initiating hair re-growth.


Anthralin is a very potent medication which shows results of hair growth in 8 to 12 weeks. It can cause mild yellow-brownish discoloration of the patch’s skin, so it is usually applied for a limited amount of time before it is washed off.

Hair loss is quite a traumatic experience for many people as your scalp hair is one of the first qualities you notice in a person. It attributes to the person’s physical appearance and makes people self-conscious. Losing hair, especially in prominent patches can make people feel embarrassed too. Hence, if you or anyone experience hair loss or develops alopecia, consulting a dermatologist to start immediate treatment is ideal.

Acute Kidney Failure: Causes, Types, Symptoms, and Treatment


Acute Kidney Failure: Causes, Types, Symptoms, and Treatment


Kidney failure occurs when both your kidneys shut down and fail to perform their function of filtering out waste products from your body. The most common waste product is urea, which, if not excreted, accumulates and causes damage to multiple organs in the body. Kidney failure is a highly serious end-stage kidney disease and can be of two types – Acute Kidney Failure or Chronic Kidney Failure.

Acute Kidney Failure:

Acute kidney failure (also known as Acute Kidney Injury or Acute Renal Failure) usually occurs when a sudden decline in the kidney’s normal functions is seen over seven days or less. Since this is an acute event with a sudden onset, it can easily be reversed with urgent, vigorous management.

Read Also: Frequent Urination Causes

AKI Causes:

These can be divided into three categories:

Pre-Renal Causes:

  • Hypotension
  • Decreased Cardiac Output
  • Ascites (fluid build-up in the abdominal cavity), edema, hypoalbuminemia
  • Hypovolemia
  • Congestive Heart Failure
  • Liver Failure
  • Burns, dehydration, hemorrhage
  • Myocardial Infarction
  • Shock (anaphylactic or septic)
  • Renal Vein Thrombosis/obstruction

Intra-Renal Causes:

  • Injury to kidneys by trauma or drugs
  • Infections
  • Allergies to drugs
  • Toxins damage the glomeruli (cells of the kidney)
  • Glomerular Disease (IgA nephropathy, nephritic or nephrotic syndrome)
  • Infiltration by tumors
  • Hepato-renal syndrome
  • Ischemia (reduced blood supply)

Post-Renal Causes:

  • Bladder outlet obstruction
  • The enlarged prostate gland in males
  • Kidney Stones
  • Bladder tumor or injury

AKI Signs and Symptoms:

  • Decreased Urinary Output
  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Loss of Appetite
  • Nausea and Vomiting
  • Headache, drowsiness, Seizures
  • Increased Fluid Accumulation causing peripheral edema
  • Shortness of breath/ Pulmonary Edema
  • Cardiac arrhythmia/ tamponade

Chronic Kidney Failure

Chronic Kidney Failure, more commonly known as Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD), occurs over months to years and is basically a gradual decline in kidney function. It is a chronic process and the damage done is mostly irreversible.

Causes of CKD:

  • Diabetes
  • Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)
  • Polycystic Kidney Disease
  • Glomerulonephritis
  • Diseases of the heart or lungs
  • Cancers
  • Autoimmune disorders
  • Obstruction of the urinary tract

Signs and Symptoms of CKD:

  • Initially, polyuria (increased urination) followed by oliguria (decreased urinary Output)
  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Generalized Itching
  • Headaches
  • Nausea and Vomiting
  • Uremic fetor (ammonia breath odor)
  • Uremic frost
  • Increased urination at night
  • Edema
  • Muscle cramps and restless legs syndrome
  • Behavioral changes- depression
  • Anemia
  • Dry, flaky skin
  • Shortness of breath, coughing with thick sputum
  • Metallic taste
  • Gum or mouth ulcers

General Diagnosis

  • Urine Analysis
  • Full Blood Count
  • Renal Panel – urea, creatinine, BUN, and electrolyte levels
  • Albumin levels
  • Renal Ultrasound or CT scan
  • Catheterization – Urinary Input and Output Monitoring
  • Kidney Biopsy

Acute Kidney Injury:

  • Manage and treat all Acute complications like fluid overload, hyperkalemia, acidosis, etc)
  • Catheterize patient to measure urine input and output very strictly
  • Treat the causes
  • Correction of fluids intravenously
  • Monitor and control blood pressure
  • Stop and avoid all offending agents like drugs or allergens
  • Renal Replacement Therapy – Hemodialysis

Chronic Kidney Disease:

  • Ace Inhibitor drugs or ARBs for managing and controlling blood pressure.
  • Control blood sugar levels
  • Low protein and low salt diet advised
  • Calcitriol and Erythropoietin levels monitoring and replacement
  • Treat anemia with iron supplementation
  • Manage and treat all complications like malnutrition, anemia, bone disease, electrolyte and acid imbalance, any cardiovascular complications and hyperparathyroidism, etc
  • Renal replacement therapy – dialysis
  • Renal transplant- the last resort.


Kidney Failure is one such condition that can not be taken lightly due to its major complications if not treated in time. Acute Kidney failure is fairly reversible but chronic kidney disease causes permanent damage. It is always ideal to go to the Emergency Department of your nearest hospital if any of the alarming signs and symptoms of kidney failure start to appear. Early intervention is preferred for such a serious condition.

Best Weight Loss and Lose Belly Fat Diet Plan for Effective Results


Are you losing your mind over trying to lose those extra pounds of holiday weight? It is absurd how easily you just pop a chip into your mouth and gain 5 pounds while it takes weeks to get rid of the same 5 pounds. I am sure most of you may have felt this too. Worry not. With the perfect diet plan, losing weight has become less difficult.

The first and foremost thing to do is to understand what a calorie deficit is. According to your age, height, and weight, you can easily calculate the number of calories required daily by your body to maintain normal activity. If you exceed that number, you are most likely to put the calories on as extra weight.

Now, to lose weight, you need to create a calorie deficit, which means you need to cut down your daily calorie intake and even burn calories via exercise. For example, if your daily requirement for the day is approximately 1800 calories, to lose weight, you should at least cut 500 calories and stick to diet plans that provide you with 1200 to 1300 calories a day.

Complete Diet Chart For Weight Loss

To burn 1 pound, you need to create a calorie deficit of 3500 calories, as 1 pound of fat has 3500 calories. If you cut down 500 calories daily, in one week, you would have lost 1 pound. If you cut down 1000 calories per day, you will lose 2 pounds in one week. Anything more than that is quite unhealthy.

Now to create a reasonable calorie deficit, such as 500 calories, there are two things you can do. Control your diet. Eat a balanced and healthy diet, with higher portions of low-calorie foods such as vegetables and fruits. You need to avoid foods such as fast food, desserts and chocolates, sugar, sodas, chips and crisps, fried items, rice, and white bread.

Carbohydrates are converted to storable fat the most easily, so if you control your carbohydrate intake, you can lose weight faster. What should you eat? Leafy greens, fresh fruits, lean proteins, legumes, bran bread, oats, etc. Cut down your dairy intake, and switch to low-fat products.

Read Also: Top 6 Natural Home Remedies to Lose Weight Fast and Effectively

Prepare your meals beforehand. Please do not leave it for the last minute. Make sure to incorporate a decent amount of fats and carbohydrates into your diet as well to keep it balanced and prevent any nutritional deficiencies from occurring. If you are on a 1200-calorie diet, you can divide it into 3 regular and 2 small meals.

For breakfast, resort to oats without sugar, or eggs with bran bread and coffee. Add low-fat milk and use minimal oil for cooking. Avoid using trans fats like butter, cheese, or cream cheese. For a mid-day snack, you could have some fruit raw sliced vegetables, or a handful of nuts.

For lunch, a salad bowl is an idea with low-fat dressing. An evening snack could include tea with fruit nuts or granola bars. For dinner, take lean white meats, like chicken or fish, or fat-free beef. Grill it, bake it, steam it, or boil it however you like while using as little oil as possible. Switch to olive oil. Pair your meal with a side salad to fill you up.

Another way to ditch calories is by exercising. Take out only one hour per day to burn some calories by going to the gym or even simply by walking. If you can enroll yourself in aerobics or HIIT workouts or anything that makes you sweat, that would be wonderful. A simple 45-minute walk in the park will also get your BMR running and will help you lose weight faster. Stay active and watch your calorie count at the same time for the best results.

What are Hemorrhoids? Piles Causes, Types, Symptoms, and Treatment


What are Hemorrhoids? Piles Causes, Types, Symptoms, and Treatment

Any person who develops rectal bleeding could have a medical condition called Hemorrhoids or Piles. Hemorrhoids are basically dilated or swollen veins in the anal or rectal region. They are one of the most common anal pathologies these days and can happen to any age group. Usually, they present with painless, per rectal bleeding while defecating and the blood is mostly bright red in color.

Causes of Hemorrhoids:

There are many causes of hemorrhoids. The most important risk factor is prolonged or chronic constipation. Not just constipation, if anybody has irregular bowel habits, with frequently alternating diarrhea or constipation, they are more likely prone to developing piles.

Other factors include a low fiber diet, which also adds to constipation. Any causes of increased intra-abdominal pressure could also lead to the development of piles. Such conditions include ascites (fluid buildup in the abdominal cavity), obesity, prolonged straining or sitting, pregnancy or any intra-abdominal mass.

Even a chronic cough, which is left neglected and untreated, it can cause straining and lead to the formation of piles. Women who have are major multi-paras (those who have had multiple natural childbirths) tend to have weakened pelvic floor muscles and they can easily develop piles as well.

Piles Treatment with Home Remedy

Types of Hemorrhoids:

Internal Hemorrhoids:

These tend to remain inside the rectum and anal canal and do not come out of the anal opening.

External Hemorrhoids:

These are always found outside the anal opening. They usually protrude out and can be felt or palpated easily. If they get infected or if their blood supply diminishes, they can become thrombosed, which is an extremely painful condition.

According to the grading system introduced in 1985, there are four main degrees of hemorrhoids:

1. 1st Degree Hemorrhoid: Only blood vessels are prominently visible and there is no evident prolapse.

2. 2nd Degree Hemorrhoid: On bearing down, hemorrhoid can prolapse out but spontaneously reduces on its own.

3. 3rd Degree Hemorrhoid: On bearing down, hemorrhoid prolapses out but does not go back in spontaneously. It must be manually reduced.

4. 4th Degree Hemorrhoid: The hemorrhoid is fully prolapsed and cannot be reduced at all, spontaneously or manually.

Hemorrhoid Symptoms:

Hemorrhoids can usually be diagnosed by clinical examination by a physician. The doctor may also perform a digital rectal exam and may do a proctoscopy as well. Treatment is of two types, either conservative and non-surgical or surgical.

Piles Treatment

For conservative management, a high fiber diet is highly recommended which composes of an increased amount of healthy greens along with increased water intake.

For pain relief, oral painkillers can be taken, or a warm water bath called the Sitz bath is advised, in which the affected area should be submerged in warm water for fifteen mins, thrice a day. Over-the-counter hemorrhoid creams containing hydrocortisone can be applied as well. Hygiene should be well taken care of.

Minimally invasive procedures include:

* Rubber Band Ligation – Hemorrhoid’s base is tied by rubber bands, which reduces the blood supply, causing hemorrhoids to wither and fall off in a week.

* Injection Sclerotherapy – A chemical solution is injected into the pile, causing it to shrink.

* Infrared/ Laser/ Bipolar Coagulation – The hemorrhoid is burned off or coagulated using laser beams.

Surgical options include hemorrhoidectomy which is the complete removal of hemorrhoid and stapled hemorrhoidopexy in which the hemorrhoid is stapled off. The former is more effective and has a very less of a chance of recurrence compared to the stapling method.

How to Lose Weight Fast and Safely with 5 Easy and Practical Steps!


Weight is something every person struggles with at one point or the other. If losing weight is not the problem, then gaining weight might be. However, considering the amount of unhealthy junk food and horrible lifestyle choices there are available nowadays, gaining weight is as easy as breathing air. Yes, we have all thought so.

If you want to lose weight fast, consistency is key. There are no magic tricks, no short cuts or simple home remedies which can magically boost your body into burning more fat daily and make you slim in the blink of an eye. It is a clear-cut combination of hard work, unlimited dedication, and extremely motivational will power. The following tips will help you lose weight at a good speed if followed properly and thoroughly.


Refined carbohydrates are a killer. These include anything deep fried, coated in bread crumbs or flour and served with fat-based sauces. Yes, you heard it. Cut out all the burgers, fries, donuts, pizzas, and fried chicken. Those are full of empty calories, destined to clog your blood vessels and give you innumerable health problems. Switch to whole carbohydrates, which include bran, oats, all kinds of vegetables and fruits. Cut out sugary products, processed foods, and fizzy, carbonated drinks as well.


Lean meats, eggs, lentils, legumes, etc., should be your favorites. Chicken, fish, fat-free beef are all healthy meal options which will provide you with healthy nutrients needed for your body. Boil it, bake it, bar-b-q it, steam it or sauté your meats. They are fantastic for you.


Leafy greens and fresh fruits are the way to go when you are looking to lose weight fast. Packed with fiber, vegetables are low-calorie marvels. Some fruits might contain more sugar compared to others, such as mangoes, bananas, grapes, but in moderation, they are also healthy options. More than half of your dinner plate should consist of vegetables. The more vegetables you eat, the faster you will lose weight.


Unless you are following one of those fad diets which eliminate a food group, limiting your portions and eating the right foods should be your primary goal. Limit your caloric intake daily and create a healthy deficit. You can use fitness applications to note down everything you consume per day and watch the number of calories you eat. Distribute your calories into smaller meals and eat at a slower pace. This helps to improve digestion as well. Unless you learn and master portion control, dieting is not for you.


There are tons of options these days when it comes to exercising. Make it your aim to exercise three days a week at least. If you can turn it up a notch and workout six days a week, you will notice drastic changes in your body shape, form and your overall health. You can find a variety of exercises to choose from- cardio, HIIT, weight training, Zumba, aerobics, water sports, swimming, etc. You could even mix it up and keep different workout routines per week for the maximum benefit.


If you know someone who is also struggling with losing weight, partner up with them. Working out in pairs is more effective compared to just going at it all alone. It is better to find yourself a partner who constantly motivates you. Join a gym class in order to connect with more people who are on the same boat as yours.

Losing weight is a tough road, but if you stick to healthy meals and a regular exercise routine, you will notice mind-blowing changes in your body in no time. Staying consistent is a big issue, but for that, it is advisable to give yourself a cheat day every two weeks or so, in order to remain motivated and on the right track. If you follow these six steps, you will lose weight faster than you can imagine.

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) Causes, Symptoms and Treatment


Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) is a common cause of infertility in women of childbearing or reproductive age, between 15 and 45. It involves the formation of multiple cysts (fluid-filled sacs) in both your ovaries. It is associated with various factors, ranging from genetics to lifestyle choices.

Women may not realize they have PCOs unless they are trying to conceive, usually around the ages between 20 and 30. PCOS occurs in around 1 out of every ten women and is one of the most easily treatable causes of infertility.

PCO Causes:

There are multiple causes of PCOS, but mostly they revolve around the development of insulin resistance in a female. When there is high insulin resistance, there are increased levels of insulin circulating in the blood which lead to increased production of androgens (male hormones). The signs and symptoms are due to excessive androgen production in females. The causes of PCOS include:

How To Get Rid Of PCOS & PCOD Naturally

GENETICS: Women with a strong family history of PCOS are more likely to develop PCOS themselves, especially due to its autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance.

OBESITY: Obese women have higher insulin resistance leading to increased levels of circulating insulin which in turn enhances androgen production.

WEAK IMMUNITY: A weakened immune system and increased stress levels can contribute to PCOS.

INFLAMMATION: Inflammation of or around the ovaries can stimulate increased androgen production.

See Also: Irregular Periods: Possible Causes of a Missed Period and Treatment

Symptoms and Signs of PCOS

The symptoms and signs found in women with PCOS are mostly related to excessive androgen production. The most common of these presenting symptoms include:

Obesity: Usually women with PCOS are quite obese or overweight.

Acne: They make have cystic acne on the face, back, shoulders, neck, etc.

Hirsutism: Excessive hair growth on the face, chin or other body parts like in men.

Weight Gain: Women with PCOS tend to gain weight more easily

Irregular menstrual cycle: They may present with amenorrhea or irregular menstrual cycles, and this is one of the most common reasons for which women visit the doctor.

Hair Thinning – Hair loss or thinning, especially on the scalp, just like in male pattern baldness.

Difficulty getting pregnant: Women are more likely to have problems conceiving children.

Darkened, velvety skin: Usually affects creases, neck and groin areas.

PCOS is associated with many complications as well including:

  • Diabetic Mellitus type 2
  • Infertility
  • Premature birth or miscarriage
  • Depression, mood disorders, anxiety
  • Sleep apnea
  • Abnormal Uterine Bleeding
  • Dyslipidemia
  • Endometrial Cancer


Now, with the advancement of medicine, PCOS is quite simply controlled with the use of medications and lifestyle changes. If you notice the development of any such signs and symptoms, you should visit your OBGYN doctor and discuss your condition. They will run blood tests, perform an ultrasound and prescribe you the appropriate medications, along with advice on lifestyle modifications. These include:

DIET CONTROL: A healthy balanced diet is advised which focuses on weight loss and low carbohydrate consumption as well. If the weight gain is controlled and a normal BMI is achieved, it naturally fixes your PCOS.

INCREASED ACTIVITY: By increasing daily activity, by walking or exercising, you can increase weight loss as well and treat your PCOS.

MEDICATIONS: your doctor may prescribe you oral contraceptive pills or metformin to regulate your cycle and balance the levels of hormones in your body, especially by reducing the production of androgens (like testosterone).

TREATING INFERTILITY: Medicines may be prescribed to promote ovulation in women with PCOS, so they have higher chances of conceiving.

TOPICAL OINTMENTS OR CREAMS: For reducing hair growth and controlling acne and hirsutism, topical creams are advised by the doctor.

PCOS has no cure, but it is easily controlled nowadays. Women who have trouble getting pregnant can have children as soon as they get their PCOS under control and eventually live a healthy lifestyle.